As if the physical pain and emotional turmoil is not enough for people who have developed a bed sore, the open wound puts them at an increased risk for serious medical complications that can delay healing and cause further problems including a potentially life-threatening condition known as sepsis.
Sepsis is an illness caused by infection in the bloodstream by bacteria that frequently enter the body through open wounds or pressure sores. Occasionally referred to as: severe sepsis, sepsis infection, septic shock, severe sepsis or septicemia– sepsis is a medical complication that commands the full attention of all caregivers.
In order to provide sepsis patients the best chances of recovery and resumption of daily activities, the condition must be identified and treated as early on as possible. In cases where treatment is delayed, sepsis can aggressively take hold of organs eventually resulting in their inability to function.
Most medical experts agree that at least two of the following must be present in a patient in order to make a diagnosis of sepsis:
- Hyperventilation (more than 20 breaths per minute)
- Heart rate above 90 beats per minute
- White blood cell count below 4000 cells/mm
After a diagnosis of sepsis has been confirmed it is incumbent that treatment be initiated as quickly as feasible. Most treatment incorporates the use of intravenous antibiotics given in an inpatient setting. Even after the treatment has been concluded, doctors will usually monitor sepsis patients for years following their original illness to ensure that they remain healthy.